UNHCR special envoy Angelina Jolie arrives to a Syrian refugee camp in Azraq in northern Jordan pic.twitter.com/q6bmqhg9Bl— Elliot Wagland (@elliotwagland) September 9, 2016
BEIRUT, Sept 9 (Reuters) - World leaders should put finding an end to the war in Syria at the centre of their discussions at the United Nations General Assembly in New York this month, actor Angelina Jolie said during a visit to a refugee camp in Jordan on Friday.
"Ask the fundamental question of what are the root causes of the Syrian conflict and what will it take to end it," she said at the Azraq refugee camp, which she visited in her role as a special envoy for the U.N. High Commission for Refugees.
Syria's five-year-old civil war has killed hundreds of thousands of people and displaced 11 million, half the country's pre-war population, including many who have fled overseas, sparking a refugee crisis in the Middle East and Europe.
"Besides the millions trapped inside Syria whose lives are at risk daily, 75,000 Syrians are stranded in the berm, a no-man's land on the Jordanian border, including children, pregnant women and gravely ill patients. They have had no food since early August, there is next to no humanitarian access," she said.
However, world powers are divided over how to end the crisis in Syria, with Russia giving military aid to President Bashar al-Assad and the United States and some Western European countries helping rebels seeking his downfall.
Within the Middle East, Iran and Shi'ite militias from Lebanon and Iraq back Assad, while Turkey and Gulf Arab states including Saudi Arabia and Qatar support the rebels.
On Friday U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov resumed negotiations in Geneva aimed at finding a ceasefire deal to allow humanitarian access in Syria after two other meetings in the past three weeks. (Reporting By Angus McDowall)
Angelina Jolie decries fate of Syria refugees on Jordan border https://t.co/HnIDWpEvZl pic.twitter.com/semNfg8lxJ— AFP news agency (@AFP) September 9, 2016
Azraq (Jordan) (AFP) - US actress Angelina Jolie on Friday urged the international community to come to the rescue of tens of thousands of Syrian refugees stranded without humanitarian aid on Jordan's border.
"Seventy-five thousand Syrians are stranded at the berm in no man's land at the Jordanian border including children, pregnant women and gravely ill patients," she told reporters during a visit to Azraq refugee camp, 100 kilometres (60 miles) northeast of the Jordanian capital Amman.
"None of the basic protections under international law are being applied," said Jolie, special envoy for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
"This is not a problem of Jordan's making, or that Jordan should be left to bear alone," she said.
"Jordan has been warning for years that they could reach a point where they on their own could do no more," said Jolie, who toured the windy desert camp in a black robe under a blazing sun.
"The world has known about the situation on the berm for months but no solution has been put forward."
On security grounds, Jordan has since June 21 blocked the passage of aid to the refugees and their entry after a suicide bombing claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group killed seven of its soldiers in the border area.
Since then, humanitarian organisations have been able to send aid to the refugees just once, in early August, lifting it across the frontier using drones and cranes.
Jolie said the UNHCR and other agencies had received only half of the funds needed from donors to provide humanitarian assistance to refugees during Syria's brutal five-year-old conflict.
Ahead of the UN General Assembly which opens at the end of September, she urged world leaders "to ask the fundamental question of what are the root causes of the Syrian conflict and what it would take to end it.
"And please, put that at the centre of your discussions," she said.
"Refugees want to know when can they get back to their home, they don't want to be passive recipients of aid, they want a political solution," Jolie said.
Jordan hosts more than 600,000 Syrian refugees according to the United Nations, a figure Amman puts at 1.4 million.